How does therapy actually work?



In this episode of the Psychedelic Therapy Frontiers podcast, Dr. Steve Thayer and Dr. Reid Robison try to answer the provocative question, "How does therapy actually work?" They discuss how mental illness is defined, different therapy approaches, aspects common to all therapy approaches, how psychedelics might accelerate progress in therapy, whether or not AI therapists will steal our jobs, and much more!

(2:15) Does psychotherapy work?
(3:11) How do we define mental health problem?
(7:00) What do we work on in therapy?
(12:07) Therapist using their humanity as a therapeutic tool
(16:00) Corrective emotional experience
(17:49) Common vs specific factors that contribute to the effectiveness of therapy
(12:09) Classical and operant conditioning
(24:02) Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) and MDMA-assisted therapy for PTSD
(29:19) Cognitive dissonance
(32:25) Why we stay stuck
(37:17) Self-awareness and insight
(41:02) Habit change
(44:56) Ibogaine treatment for addiction
(48:39) Distinct but overlapping aspects of psychedelic experiences and therapy approaches
(50:00) AI therapists and how to find the right therapist for you
(57:38) Combining therapy and psych medications
(01:02:12) Psychedelic accelerated psychotherapy

Email us questions and feedback at
Learn more about our podcast at
Learn more about Novamind at
Follow us on Instagram:

Disclaimer: The content of this podcast does not constitute medical advice or mental health treatment. Consult with a medical/mental health professional if you believe you are in need of mental health treatment.

Would you like to be a guest
on our podcast?

Enter your info and we'll reach out to you asap.


Would you like to be a guest on our podcast?

By signing up you consent to the Privacy Policy & Terms of Use.
Call us toll-free 1-833-NUMINUS (686-4687)
crosschevron-down linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram